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Socio-Economics

Production Parameters and Economics of Small-Scale Tilapia Cage Aquaculture in the Volta Lake, Ghana


To calculate the potential for cage aquaculture to create economic opportunities for small-scale investors on the Volta Lake, Ghana, a local NGO with technical support from the Government of Ghana ran two trials (one of four and one of six units) of small-scale cage aquaculture in the town of Dzemeni. Cages were built locally from available materials at a cost of approximately US$1000 per 48 m3 cage. An indigenous line of Nile tilapia, Oreochromis niloticus, was stocked either as mixed sex (first trial) or all-males (second trial) at an average rate of 103 fish/m3 and grown on locally available pelleted feeds for approximately six months. Total costs averaged US$2038 per six-month production cycle. Gross yield ranged from 232 to 1176 kg/cage, averaging 460 kg/cage (9.6 kg/m3). Final average weight of mixed sex populations (253.05 ± 47.43g) was significantly less than of all-males (376.7 ± 72.30g). Likewise, percentage of fish over 300 g at harvest was significantly lower in mixed-sex (38.3%) compared to all–male (75.7%) populations. Mortality resulting primarily from poor handling during transport and stocking averaged 70% and was a major determinate of production and profitability. To break even, harvested biomass of fish needed to exceed 15 kg/m3. At 25 kg/m3, small-scale cage aquaculture generated a net income of US$717 per cage per six months (ROI = 30.2%) on revenues of US$3,500

 

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Name of Author(s):
J. K. OFORI1, E. K. ABBAN1, A. Y. KARIKARI1 and R. E. BRUMMETT2
Institutional Affiliation:
1Water Research Institute, Accra, Ghana; 2WorldFish Center, (Messa), Yaoundé, Cameroun
Type of Publication:
Journal Article
Name of Publisher or Journal:
Journal of Applied Aquaculture
Date of Publication:
2010
Number of Pages:
14