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Biophysical Characteristics

Monitoring Water Quality in River Bodies of Mining Communities in Ghana


The Ghanaian mining industry has contributed greatly towards the socio-economic development of the country but its negative impacts, particularly on natural resources, raise a question about the net effect of mining on mining communities in Ghana. One major natural resource which is negatively affected by mining is water. The quantity and quality of water available in mining communities in Ghana is declining rapidly as mining activities increase. This is caused by the direct use of water from rivers by miners and also the discharge of mining waste into rivers from mines. This is depriving many communities of their source of clean drinking water. This study sought to investigate the effectiveness of government efforts to ensure the quality of water in these areas is maintained by using the MERI (monitoring, evaluation, reporting and improvement) approach as a framework. It was ascertained that attempts are made to address the monitoring, evaluation and reporting aspects but little improvement occurs. A number of solutions are recommended. These include establishing more stringent water quality monitoring programs, investigating waste disposal from production sites of mines and introducing progressive rehabilitation as opposed to post-mining rehabilitation. Additionally, adequately resourcing regulatory bodies and stricter sanctions for offenders is essential.

 

Name of Author(s):
1&2 Isaac Kojo Arah
Institutional Affiliation:
1School of Environmental and Rural Science, University of New England, Armidale, NSW 2351, Australia; 2Department of Agricultural Engineering, Ho Polytechnic, Ho, Volta Region, Ghana
Type of Publication:
Journal Article
Name of Publisher or Journal:
Asian Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences
Date of Publication:
2015
Number of Pages:
9