Post Harvest Processing Value Chain Literature Review Report
The fishing industry in Ghana supports the livelihood of about 10% of the total population.
The importance of the fishing industry stems from the significant contribution of around 60% of the national protein supply and around 87 million USD exports in 2009. Fish and seafood account for 16% of total household spending on food (GSS, 2008). The principal fish processing methods in Africa are smoking, salting, sun drying, and fermentation, grilling and frying. The predominant type of fishery product in any particular country is, however, closely related to the food habits and purchasing power of the population. Specific types of fishery products are best suited as the local staple food. Furthermore, due to the lack of a good transport infrastructure for the transportation of fresh fish to remote towns and villages, cured fish is the most convenient form in which fish can be sent to such areas. Many consumers in Africa prefer fish in the fresh state; however, a considerable proportion of the landed catch is preserved by artisanal methods. This literature survey aims to document all the post-harvesting processing of fish in Ghana and internationally.
Read full report http://www.crc.uri.edu/download/GH2014_ACT022_SNV_FIN508.pdf